I participate with the paper Cyber borderlands and geopolitical crisis, at this International Conference on Thursday, October 3 at 5:30 pm; organized by Department of Humanities and Education of the Tecnológico de Monterrey. You can consult the paper on ResearchGate platform.
Internet appears in the 90s as a promise of utopian state without borders or bureaucratic restrictions. This is what Barlow (1996) proposes in his Declaration of independence from cyberspace; or also theorists like Pierre Levy (1997) when they reflect on the possibilities of cyberspace as a hyperconnected nomadic space of knowledge. With the arrival of the first 2000 the situation begins to change. New online service platforms appear in which access to information is no longer absolutely free. The new toll that is required is informational: the user registration, together with the new geolocation technologies incorporated into the devices that connect to the Internet, is setting up more and more a cyberspace in which borders reappear. The Internet ceases to be an open, smooth and absolutely hyperconnected space of knowledge and becomes a place of registration or even of a new, more incisive control and surveillance (Tiqqun, 2015; Deleuze, 2006). Analyzing this double movement, which we could read as a simultaneous or complementary movement of deterritorialization and reterritorialization (Deleuze & Guattari, 2002; Poster & Savat, 2009; Rogers, 2015) the question is to define how each of these components acts, what traits can be compensated and which ones stand out in one way or another. As Bratton (2015) points out, the new global cybernetic mega-structure erases the political map on which the current international geopolitics is based, putting in crisis, perhaps with more emphasis than in World War II, the Treaty of Peace of Westphalia (1648).